NIST Scientists Enhance Frequency Comb Breathalyzer Enabling It to Detect Multiple Disease Biomarkers

Device could pave the way for real-time, noninvasive breath analysis to detect and monitor diseases and be a new service medical laboratories can offer Breathalyzer technology is not new, but until now human breath detection devices have not been comparable to clinical laboratory blood testing for disease detection and monitoring. That may soon change and there are implications for clinical laboratories, partly because breath samples are considered to be non-invasive for patients. Scientists...

Massachusetts General Hospital Researchers Develop Tool for Detecting Lung Cancer from the Metabolites in a Drop of Blood

Researchers say their method can trace ancestry back 100,000 years and could lay groundwork for identifying new genetic markers for diseases that could be used in clinical laboratory tests Cheaper, faster, and more accurate genomic sequencing technologies are deepening scientific knowledge of the human genome. Now, UK researchers at the University of Oxford have used this genomic data to create the largest-ever human family tree, enabling individuals to trace their ancestry back 100,000 years....

Full Genome Sequencing of All Animal Species Continues, but Sequencing of Invertebrate Species Lags Behind That of Vertebrate Species

Scientists working to sequence all 1.66 million animal species say this is a missed opportunity to better understand our own genetics; such research would identify biomarkers useful for clinical laboratory testing For 23 years, the world’s genomic scientists have been on a mission to sequence the genomes of all animal species. And they’ve made great progress. However, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Washington State University (WSU) and Brigham Young University (BYU),...

Researchers in Five Countries Use AI, Deep Learning to Analyze and Monitor the Quality of Donated Red Blood Cells Stored for Transfusions

By training a computer to analyze blood samples, and then automating the expert assessment process, the AI processed months’ worth of blood samples in a single day New technologies and techniques for acquiring and transporting biological samples for clinical laboratory testing receive much attention. But what of the quality of the samples themselves? Blood products are expensive, as hospital medical laboratories that manage blood banks know all too well. Thus, any improvement to how labs store...

New Approach to Detecting Circulating Tumor Cells in Blood Uses Acoustic Sound Waves and Researchers Are Hopeful that the Technology Can Lead to a Medical Laboratory Test

Innovative device uses acoustic sound waves to gently separate circulating cancer cells from white blood cells In many respects, the ability to separate and identify circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is one of the holy grails of cancer diagnostics. It is widely believed that a clinical laboratory test that can effectively identify CTCs would contribute to earlier detection of cancer and improved outcomes for caner patients. Pathologists will be interested to learn about a useful new tool that can...
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