NIST Scientists Enhance Frequency Comb Breathalyzer Enabling It to Detect Multiple Disease Biomarkers

Device could pave the way for real-time, noninvasive breath analysis to detect and monitor diseases and be a new service medical laboratories can offer Breathalyzer technology is not new, but until now human breath detection devices have not been comparable to clinical laboratory blood testing for disease detection and monitoring. That may soon change and there are implications for clinical laboratories, partly because breath samples are considered to be non-invasive for patients. Scientists...

Massachusetts General Hospital Researchers Develop Tool for Detecting Lung Cancer from the Metabolites in a Drop of Blood

Researchers say their method can trace ancestry back 100,000 years and could lay groundwork for identifying new genetic markers for diseases that could be used in clinical laboratory tests Cheaper, faster, and more accurate genomic sequencing technologies are deepening scientific knowledge of the human genome. Now, UK researchers at the University of Oxford have used this genomic data to create the largest-ever human family tree, enabling individuals to trace their ancestry back 100,000 years....

Researchers in Five Countries Use AI, Deep Learning to Analyze and Monitor the Quality of Donated Red Blood Cells Stored for Transfusions

By training a computer to analyze blood samples, and then automating the expert assessment process, the AI processed months’ worth of blood samples in a single day New technologies and techniques for acquiring and transporting biological samples for clinical laboratory testing receive much attention. But what of the quality of the samples themselves? Blood products are expensive, as hospital medical laboratories that manage blood banks know all too well. Thus, any improvement to how labs store...

New Vaccine in Development at University of Buffalo Could Eradicate Pneumonia and Prevent the Deaths of Nearly One Million Children Under Five Worldwide Each Year

New vaccine has potential to reduce volume of clinical laboratory testing for bacterial and viral infections By now, nearly all pathologists and clinical laboratory scientists acknowledge that advances in molecular diagnostics and genetic testing are contributing to significant improvements in patient care. Now comes news of a comparable breakthrough in another field of medicine with the potential to protect many individuals from pneumonia and similar infectious diseases. A new way to develop...

Expanded Knowledge about Human Metabolome Expected to Fuel Development of New Therapeutic Drugs and Medical Laboratory Tests

Pathologists and clinical laboratory professionals can expect to see new molecular test development as researchers develop new biomarkers in the wake of expanded knowledge of the genome-metabolome-diseasome correlates One field of science that bears great potential for use in diagnostics and medical laboratory testing involves the human metabolome. Researchers are gaining more understanding of the genetic underpinnings of complex disease and drug response through metabolic pathways. For...
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