As many clinical laboratory scientists know, gene sequencing technology continues to become faster, more accurate, and less expensive per whole human genome sequenced
In February, Dark Daily reported that Personalis, Inc. (NASDAQ:PSNL) had delivered its 100,000th whole human genome sequence to the US Department of Veterans Affairs Million Veterans Program (VA MVP). Now, the Menlo Park, Calif.-based cancer genomics company has topped that achievement by delivering its 125,000 whole human genome sequence!
“This represents another important landmark for both the program and for Personalis,” said John West, Chief Executive Officer, Personalis, in a news release. “We congratulate the VA MVP for reaching this important milestone.
“We strongly believe that the research projects being performed today will enable precision medicine in healthcare systems in the future across a wide range of disease areas,” he added. This is a positive development for clinical laboratories, as personalized medicine services require a lab to sequence and interpret the patient’s DNA.
Personalis was contracted with the US federal government to perform genetic research in 2012 and has delivered 50,000 genomes to the VA MVP during the past twelve months.
The Personalis and VA MVP researchers seek to gain a better understanding of how genetic variants affect health. Before the COVID-19 pandemic hit the US, the VA was enrolling veterans in the Million Veterans Program at 63 VA medical centers across the country. There are currently about 830,000 veterans enrolled in the venture and the VA is expecting two million veterans to eventually sign up for the sequencing project.
“As a global leader in genomic sequencing and comprehensive analytics services, Personalis is uniquely suited to lead these population-scale efforts and we are currently in the process of expanding our business operations internationally,” West added.
According to the press release, “the VA MVP provides researchers with a rich resource of genetic, health, lifestyle, and military-exposure data collected from questionnaires, medical records, and genetic analyses. By combining this information into a single database, the VA MVP promises to advance knowledge about the complex links between genes and health.”
NIH All of Us Research Program Supports Precision Medicine Goals Another genetic research project being conducted by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the All of Us Research Program. Using donated personal health information from thousands of participants, the NIH researchers seek to “learn how our biology, lifestyle, and environment affect health,” according to the program’s website.
The All of Us Research Program intends to have at least one million US participants take part in the research. The researchers hope to help scientists discover new knowledge regarding how biological, environmental, and behavioral factors influence health, and to learn to tailor healthcare to patients’ specific medical needs, a key component of precision medicine.
Participants in the project share personal information via a variety of methods, including surveys, electronic health records, and biological samples.
A Better Sampling of Under-Represented Communities
Since opening enrollment in 2018, more than 270,000 people have contributed blood, urine, and saliva samples to the All of Us Research Program. More than 80% of the participants come from communities that are traditionally under-represented in biomedical research.
“We need programs like All of Us to build diverse datasets so that research findings ultimately benefit everyone,” said Brad Ozenberger, PhD, Genomics Program Director, All of Us, in the NIH news release. “Too many groups have been left out of research in the past, so much of what we know about genomics is based mainly on people of European ancestry. And often, genomic data are explored without critical context like environment, economics, and other social determinants of health. We’re trying to help change that, enabling the entire research community to help fill in these knowledge gaps.”
Participants initially receive data about their genetic ancestry and traits. That is followed later by health-related results, such as how their genetic variants may increase the risk of certain diseases and how their DNA may affect their reaction to drug therapies.
Genetic researchers hope programs like these will lead to improved in vitro diagnostics and drug therapies. Genetic sequencing also may lead to new diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for clinical laboratories.