Should this milestone be an indicator that more patients are willing to use telehealth to interact with providers, then clinical laboratories and pathology groups will need to respond with new ways to collect specimens and report results
Telehealth is gaining momentum at Kaiser Permanente (KP). Public statements by Kaiser administrators indicate that the number of virtual visits (AKA, telemedicine) with providers now is about equal to face-to-face visits with providers. This trend has many implications for clinical laboratories, both in how patient samples are collected from patients using virtual provider visits and how the medical laboratory test results are reported.
That this is happening at KP is not a surprise. The health system is well-known as a successful healthcare innovator. So, when its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Bernard Tyson publically announced that the organization’s annual number of virtual visits with healthcare providers had surpassed the number of conventional in-person appointments, he got the members’ attention, as well as, the focus of former US Senator Bill Frist, MD, who moderated the event.
Tyson made this statement during a gathering of the Nashville Health Care Council. He informed the attendees that KP members have more than 100 million encounters each year with physicians, and that 52% of those are virtual visits, according to an article in Modern Healthcare.
However, when asked to comment about Tyson’s announcement during a video interview with MedCity News following the 13th Annual World Health Care Congress in Washington, DC, Robert Pearl, MD, Executive Director/CEO of the Permanente Medical Group and President/CEO of the Mid-Atlantic Permanente Medical Group (MAPMG), stated, “Currently we’re doing 13-million virtual visits—that’s a combination of secure e-mail, digital, telephone, and video—and we did 16-million personal visits. But, by 2018, we expect those lines will cross because the virtual visits [are] going up double digits, whereas the in-person visits are relatively flat.”
So, there’s a bit of disagreement on the current numbers. Nevertheless, the announcement that consumer demand for virtual visits was increasing sparked excitement among the meeting attendees and telemedicine evangelists.
“It’s astounding,” declared Senator Frist, “because it represents what we all want to do, which is innovate and push ahead,” noted an article in The Tennessean.
Is this a wake-up call for the healthcare industry? Should clinical laboratories start making plans for virtual patients?
Of virtual office visits, Pearl noted in the interview with MedCity News, “Why wouldn’t you want, if the medical conditions are appropriate, to have your care delivered from the convenience of your home, or wherever you might be, at no cost to you, and to have it done immediately without any delays in care?”
Pearl added that one-third of patients in primary care provider virtual visits are able to connect with specialists during those sessions.
“It’s better quality, greater convenience, and certainly better outcomes as care begins immediately,” he noted.
Kaiser Permanente ‘Reimagines’ Medical Care
The virtual visit milestone is an impactful one at Kaiser Permanente, an Oakland, Calif.-based nonprofit healthcare organization that includes Kaiser Foundation hospitals, Permanente Medical Groups, and the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan. It suggests that the KP has successfully integrated health information technology (HIT) with clinical workflows. And that the growing trend in virtual encounters indicates patients are becoming comfortable accessing physicians and clinicians in this manner.
As Tyson stated during the Nashville meeting, it is about “reimagining medical care.”
What does “reimagining” mean to the bottom line? He shared these numbers with the audience, according to the Modern Healthcare report:
- 25% of the system’s $3.8 billion in capital spending goes to IT;
- 7-million people are Kaiser Permanente members;
- 95% of members have a capitated plan, which means they pay Kaiser Permanente a monthly fee for healthcare services, including the virtual visits.
The American Telemedicine Association, which itself interchanges the words “telemedicine” and “telehealth,” noted that large healthcare systems are “reinventing healthcare” by using telemedicine. The worldwide telemedicine market is about $19 billion and expected to grow to more than $48 billion by 2021, noted a report published by Research and Markets.
Consumers Want Virtual Health, but Providers Lag Behind Demand
Most Americans are intrigued with telehealth services. However, not everyone is participating in them. That’s according to an Advisory Board Company Survey that found 77% of 5,000 respondents were interested in seeing a doctor virtually and 19% have already done so.
Healthcare systems such as Kaiser Permanente and Cleveland Clinic are embracing telehealth, which Dark Daily covered in a previous e-briefing. However, the healthcare industry overall has a long way to go “to meet consumer interest in virtual care,” noted an Advisory Board news release about the survey.
“Direct-to-consumer virtual specialty and chronic care are largely untapped frontiers,” noted Emily Zuehlke, a consultant with The Advisory Board Company (NASDAQ:ABCO). “As consumers increasingly shop for convenient affordable healthcare—and as payers’ interest in low-cost access continues to grow—this survey suggests that consumers are likely to reward those who offer virtual visits for specialty and chronic care,” she stated.
Telehealth Could Increase Healthcare Costs
Does telehealth reduce healthcare spending? A study published in Health Affairs suggests that might not be the case. The researchers found that telemedicine could actually increase costs, since it drives more people to use healthcare.
“A key attraction of this type of telehealth for health plans and employers is the potential savings involved in replacing physician office and emergency department visits with less expensive virtual visits. However, increased convenience may tap into unmet demand for healthcare, and new utilization may increase overall healthcare spending,” the study authors wrote in the Health Affairs article.
Clinical Laboratories Can Support Virtual Healthcare
Clinical laboratories must juggle supporting consumer demand for convenience, while also ensuring health quality expectations and requirements. How can pathologists and medical laboratory leaders integrate their labs with the patient’s virtual healthcare experience, while also aiming for better and more efficient care? One way would be to explore innovative ways to contact patients about the need to collect specimens subsequent to virtual visits. Of course, the procedures themselves must be done in-person. Nevertheless, medical laboratories could find ways to digitally complement—through communications, test results sharing, and education—patients’ use of virtual visits.
—Donna Marie Pocius