Texas Dermatopathology Laboratory Under Fire for Genetic Testing Scheme Targeting Soldiers Near Fort Hood
CBS News investigation alleges Cockerell Dermatopathology used service members to bill military health insurance system for millions of dollars of unnecessary screening tests
Following its investigation, CBS News reported allegations that a Texas dermatopathology laboratory has bilked the military healthcare system out of millions of dollars by enticing service members to sign up for unnecessary genetic and drug screening tests in exchange for $50 gift cards.
This latest incident adds to the growing number of investigations and health insurer lawsuits in recent years alleging fraudulent business practices within the clinical laboratory industry. Although only a handful of companies have been prosecuted by the federal government for fraud and abuse, The Dark Report last year noted that the hundreds of millions of dollars involved in these cases represent just a portion of the fraudulent clinical laboratory test claims that federal officials believe have been submitted in recent years by a much larger number of lab companies performing toxicology, pain management, and cardiology tests.
Clinical Laboratory Allegedly Committed Insurance Fraud According to CBS News
In its June 8, 2016, broadcast, CBS News exposed this latest alleged insurance scam involving Cockerell Dermatopathology Laboratory in Dallas. CBS News claims soldiers and their family members were drawn to makeshift clinics near Fort Hood Army base in Texas by a marketing campaign that offered a $50 Walmart gift card in exchange for providing DNA, a urine sample, and a copy of their military identification card. CBS said screening tests were then conducted and billed to Tricare, the health insurance program for military members, retirees, and their family members.
Linda Bozeman, wife of a service member, stated in the CBS News report that she visited a Fort Hood area clinic several times last year to earn extra money during the Christmas holiday season.
“They said they had this clinical research going and that they paid you by Walmart cards, so you’d give your urine,” said Bozeman, whose photocopied ID card was found by CBS News in a shed filled with discarded DNA specimens, medical information, Social Security numbers, and other paperwork.
CBS News reported that Cockerell Dermatopathology used Bozeman’s samples to bill Tricare 418 separate times for unneeded screenings for dozens of drugs such as PCP, cocaine, and methadone at a cost of nearly $7,000.
Accused Lab Received Millions in Payments from Tricare
According to CBS News, Cockerell Dermatopathology received more than $5 million in Tricare payments last year for allegedly unnecessary lab tests performed by Origen Laboratories in Dallas. The lab conducts molecular, genomics, and toxicology testing for Cockerell Dermatopathology, and also is owned by Clay Cockerell, MD, who is past President of the American Academy of Dermatology. Origen Laboratories is managed by ProGen Lab Systems, an independent laboratory management organization.
During a briefing with reporters that took place the day after the CBS News report aired, Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook did not confirm a Pentagon investigation was under way to determine who made money at Tricare’s expense, but noted, “Reports like this are obviously of concern to us and something we want to address.”
Cockerell Lab Responds to Allegations of Wrongdoing
An estimated 2,000 soldiers may have been duped, CBS News stated in its report.
In response to the CBS broadcast, Cockerell Dermatopathology posted a statement on its website in which the lab stated it would be refunding money received from the tests in question, which was reported by Military.com. The clinical laboratory company did not provide details on the amount being refunded or indicate who would receive reimbursements. Cockerell Dermatopathology stated that the lab would “vigorously defend [itself] against allegations of wrongdoing.”
“When Origen became aware that certain individuals were operating outside of the organization’s strict compliance requirements regarding the manner in which laboratory services are marketed, we took immediate action, including terminating individuals and relationships with those that acted in violation of the laboratory’s compliance policies,” Cockerell Dermatopathology wrote in that statement. “We are also voluntarily refunding monies resulting from these activities. In no case did Origen or Cockerell profit from these activities as suggested by the CBS story.”
The original statement is no longer available to be read on the Cockerell Dermatopathology website. However, in a “Clarification of Facts,” statement posted on July 11, Cockerell admitted to having a “relationship” with Origen Laboratories, which is managed by ProGen. He also claims that “months prior to the airing of the CBS story” ProGen learned of “individuals operating outside of the company’s compliance policies and requirements” and immediately terminated those individuals.
In July, following the CBS broadcast, Baylor University Medical Center announced that Alan Menter, MD, would remain as the university’s Chairman of Dermatology indefinitely. According to Dallas/Fort Worth Healthcare Daily, Clay Cockerell had been scheduled to take over Menter’s post on July 1. In a statement, Baylor praised Cockerell, stating, “Dr. Clay Cockerell is a well-regarded dermatologist who has an excellent clinical reputation. We were previously in discussions with Dr. Cockerell about a leadership position at Baylor University Medical Center. However, both parties have formally paused the talks.”
The article also reported that, in an e-mail, Cockerell stated, “While I work to correct the misinformation in the story, we thought it best to delay my appointment temporarily and mutually agreed to a short term pause.” Cockerell also wrote, “I do not own a lab in Killeen. The lab that is managed by ProGen performed tests on specimens that were sent to us that were induced by dishonest individuals. We learned about it over nine months ago. ProGen terminated relationships with all individuals involved, notified the payer, and began voluntarily returning all monies garnered by the tests associated with the scheme.” The amounts of the refunds have not been disclosed, however, CBS News did confirm in its report that an investigation by the federal government has begun.
Tricare is managed by the Defense Health Agency and is divided into three regions in the United States and multiple regions overseas, with each region served by a health insurance contractor. The Tricare South region, which includes Texas, is administered by Humana Military. A Humana media relations manager did not respond to Dark Daily’s request for a response to the CBS News report.
Over the past year, Dark Daily and its sister publication, The Dark Report have been contacted by numerous individuals claiming knowledge of businessmen, often located in Texas, who are organizing clinical enterprises designed to remunerate physicians for clinical laboratory test referrals in ways that would be recognized by experienced medical laboratory professionals as illegal inducements and kickbacks under federal law.
In several cases, these scammers have approached established clinical labs, such as hospital labs, to ask for an agreement wherein the established labs would perform testing on specimens referred by the clinical enterprises being organized by these individuals. Where such agreements have been negotiated, the scammers then use the credibility of their “reference lab” to persuade physicians to send patient lab test samples to their shell companies. Anyone with knowledge of similar arrangements is encouraged to contact the editors of The Dark Report in confidence.
—Andrea Downing Peck