Challenges getting paid likely to continue as high deductibles make patients responsible for paying much more of their healthcare bills
Rising out-of-pocket costs for healthcare consumers is translating into increasing amounts of red ink for hospitals and healthcare providers struggling to collect bills from patients with high-deductible health plans (HDHPs). Clinical laboratories and pathology groups are unlikely to be immune from these challenges, as increasing numbers of patients with smaller healthcare debts also are failing to pay their bills in full.
That’s according to a recent TransUnion Healthcare analysis of patient data from across the country. It revealed that 99% of hospital bills of $3,000 or more were not paid in full by the end 2016. For bills under $500, more than two-thirds of patients (68%) didn’t pay the full balance by year’s end (an increase from 53% in 2015 and 49% in 2014). The study also revealed that the percentage of patients that have made partial payments toward their hospital bills has fallen dramatically from nearly 90% in 2015 to 77% in 2016.
Increased Patient Responsibility Causing Decrease in Patient Payments
“The shift in healthcare payments has been taking place for well over a decade, but we are seeing more pronounced changes in how hospital bills are paid during just the last few years,” Jonathan Wilk, Principal for Healthcare Revenue Cycle Management at TransUnion (NYSE:TRU), said in a statement.
While the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of Americans receiving medical coverage through Medicaid or commercial insurance, TransUnion noted in its statement that hospitals still wrote off roughly $35.7 billion in bad debt in 2015. By 2020, TransUnion predicts that figure will continue to rise, with an estimated 95% of patients unable to pay their healthcare bills in full by the start of the next decade.
“Higher deductibles and the increase in patient responsibility are causing a decrease in patient payments to providers for patient care services rendered. While uncompensated care has declined, it appears to be primarily due to the increased number of individuals with Medicaid and commercial insurance coverage,” John Yount, Vice President for Healthcare Products at TransUnion, said in the TransUnion statement.
Collecting Patients’ Out-of-Pocket Costs Upfront
According to Reuters, hospitals in states that did not expand Medicaid under Obamacare have witnessed a more than 14% increase in unpaid bills as the number of people using health plans with high out-of-pocket costs increased. For hospitals in those states, HDHPs are impacting their bottom lines.
“It feels like a sucker punch,” declared Chief Executive Officer John Henderson of Childress Regional Medical Center, Texas Panhandle Region, in a Bloomberg Business article. “When someone has a really high deductible, effectively they’re still uninsured, and most people in Childress don’t have $5,000 lying around to pay their bills.”
A recent report from payment network InstaMed found that 72% of healthcare providers reported an increase in patient financial responsibility in 2016, a trend that coincides with a rise in the average deductible for a single worker to $1,478, more than double the $735 total in 2010.
In response to the increase in patient responsibility, hospitals and other providers are turning to new tactics for collecting money directly from patients, including estimating patients’ out-of-pocket payments and collecting those amounts upfront.
Hospital Systems Offer Patients Payment Options
Venanzio Arquilla is the Managing Director of the healthcare practice at The Claro Group, a financial management consultancy in Chicago. In an interview with Crain’s Chicago Business, he stated that hospitals are working overtime to get money from patients, particularly at the point of service.
“Hospitals have gotten much more aggressive in trying to collect at time of service, because their ability to collect on self-pay amounts decreases significantly when the patient leaves the building,” Arquilla noted. “You can’t say, ‘Give me your credit card’ to someone in the emergency room bleeding from a gunshot wound, but you can to someone going in for an elective procedure.”
Richard Gundling, a Senior Vice President at the Healthcare Financial Management Association (HFMA), told Kaiser Health News that an estimated 75% of healthcare and hospital systems now ask for payment at the time services are provided. To soften the blow, some healthcare systems are providing patients with a range of payment options, from prepayment discounts to no-interest loans.
Novant Health, headquartered in North Carolina, is among those healthcare systems offering patients new payment strategies. Offering no interest loans to patients has enabled Novant to lower its patient default rate from 32% to 12%.
“To remain financially stable, we had to do something,” April York, Senior Director of Patient Finance at Novant Health, told Reuters. “Patients needed longer to pay. They needed a variety of options.”
Providers Must Adapt to New Patient Procedures
“Doctors need to understand the landscape has changed. A doctor’s primary concern use
to be whether a patient had insurance. Now, it’s the type of insurance,” Devon M. Herrick, PhD, a Senior Fellow at the National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA) in Dallas, told Medical Economics.
While clinical laboratories and anatomic pathology groups traditionally have not collected money directly from patients, Herrick says healthcare providers must accept that the rules of the game have changed. “Patients are more cost-conscious now. That means patients will question their physicians about costs for procedures,” he adds.
Dark Daily has advised clinical laboratories in the past to develop tools and workflow processes for collecting payments upfront from patients with high-deductible health plans (See, “Growth in High Deductible Health Plans Cause Savvy Clinical Labs and Pathology Groups to Collect Full Payment at Time of Service,” Dark Daily, July 28, 2014). Not doing so can amount to millions of dollars in lost revenue to the medical laboratory industry.
—Andrea Downing Peck
Bad Debt Is the Pain Hospitals Can’t Heal as Patients Don’t Pay
Patients May be the New Payers, But Two in Three Do Not Pay Their Hospital Bills in Full
Feel Like the Hospital Is Shaking You Down Over that Bill? It Probably Is
The Seventh Annual Trends in Healthcare Payments Report Is Here
Doctors and Hospitals Say, ‘Show Me the Money’ before Treating Patients
Ballooning Bills: More US Hospitals Pushing Patients to Pay before Care
Growth in High Deductible Health Plans Cause Savvy Clinical Labs and Pathology Groups to Collect Full Payment at Time of Service
Higher Annual Deductibles and Co-Payments Cause Hospitals to Intensify Efforts to Collect Directly from Patients; Medical Laboratories Now Feel Similar Financial Squeeze
Because of Sizeable Deductibles, More Patients Owe More Money to Clinical Pathology Laboratories, Spurring Labs to Get Smarter about Collecting from Patients
Having visited the UK and Canadian healthcare facilities where patients don’t pay any money directly out of their pocket for healthcare, the hospitals themselves don’t suffer. However, the government always struggles to fund the provincial healthcare governing boards on a yearly basis. So, the balance is how to spread the cost evenly amongst all the people that are covered.
Having seen socialize medicine at the forefront, it is not as efficient as the United States healthcare system but it is definitely more equitable.
We can’t continue down the road that we’re on now with a few people contributing to the ACA fund, no conceivable way to enforce the penalties for people who don’t pay (my son does not pay for insurance nor does he pay the penalties. The only way the government has of collecting the penalties is through tax refunds. So, if you’re not due a refund the government has no way of collecting the penalty), and convincing insurance companies to fall into the mix to keep premiums down.
The people who have policies through the ACA primarily have pre-existing conditions and can’t afford individual unsubsidized insurance. Now, with the subsidized premiums lacking backing from healthy insured clients, they are draining those few dollars.
The only feasible option I see at this point is to move toward socialize medicine. It pains me to even say those words.